Twenty-four solar terms | Xiaoshu, eat lotus root and watch fireflies

    In the hot south, Xiaoshu eats lotus root. The sweet and cold properties of aquatic lotus root are inherent in the body. Ancient doctors found that this kind of sweet and cold product, like a mountain spring, can relieve heat and cool blood, which is just suitable for summer diseases caused by heat.
    The people of Huzhou, a water town in the south of the Yangtze River, are proud of the tribute "Shuangdu Snow Lotus" in the late Qing Dynasty. Snow lotus root, white as snow, when I first heard the name, I thought of Jia Baoyu's lustful Xue Baochai's snow-white arms with rich skin. Shuangdu is a place name, referring to Shuangtang Village in Daochang Township, Huzhou. Daochang Township is the land of lotus flowers, and it is not surprising that the best lotus root is in Daochang Township. The Tang Dynasty poet Han Yu once praised the snow lotus root in the dojo, "Colder than frost and snow, sweeter than honey, a piece of entrance is healed." There are two varieties of Shuangdu snow lotus root: "Zaobaihe" and "Chibaihe". "Chibaihe" is the best variety in history, but because it is deeply hidden in the mud, it is difficult to excavate and the cost is high. As a result, less and less are planted. Shuangdu snow lotus "Chi Baihe" has grown from more than 5,000 mu at the beginning to less than 40 mu now. It is on the verge of extinction and has been included in the list of high-quality local germplasm resources protection. The picture shows the transplanting site of Shuangdu lotus root - Hefu Town, Nanxun District, Huzhou City, Zhejiang Province.

    There are two varieties of Shuangdu snow lotus root: "Zaobaihe" and "Chibaihe". "Chibaihe" is the best variety in history, but because it is deeply hidden in the mud, it is difficult to excavate and the cost is high. As a result, less and less are planted. Shuangdu snow lotus "Chi Baihe" has grown from more than 5,000 mu at the beginning to less than 40 mu now. It is on the verge of extinction and has been included in the list of high-quality local germplasm resources protection. The picture shows the transplanting site of Shuangdu lotus root - Hefu Town, Nanxun District, Huzhou City, Zhejiang Province.

    Shen Xingxiang, who is nearly 60 years old, is from Shuangtang Village and started contracting lotus ponds at the age of 19. Grandfather Shen Fulin opened the "Hengqianjiao Lotus Shop" as early as the Republic of China, which is well-known far and wide. Shen Xingxiang grew up in a village full of lotus ponds in his childhood. During the lotus root harvest season, standing in a waist-deep lotus pond and using both hands and feet, the lotus roots covered with silt were soon dug out. Shen Xingxiang can dig 700 catties of lotus roots a day.
    "Jilin ginseng Huzhou lotus root" and "guanwai ginseng Huzhou lotus root" express many high-level descriptions of Shuangdu snow lotus root, and Shuangdu snow lotus root is actually a general term for two varieties, "Zaobaihe" and "Chibaihe".
    In the lotus fields of "early white lotus", lotus flowers are rarely seen. The skin of this lotus root is smooth and silvery white, and it is considered a shallow variety. The lotus root of "Chi Baihe", which is listed in the list of high-quality local germplasm resources protection, goes deep into the soil and should be planted in shallow ponds with deep and fertile soil layers. The reason why it is "late" is that it will not be harvested until late August, and it can even be delayed until after the Spring Festival according to market needs. Because it is deeply hidden in the mud, it is difficult to excavate, the cost is high, and the planting is less and less. Shen Xingxiang said that the "Chi Baihe" has grown from more than 5,000 mu at the beginning to less than 40 mu now, and it is on the verge of extinction.
    In addition to this reason, I have also asked why people are reluctant to grow snow lotus root. There is a very interesting saying that it is because its flowers are monochrome and white, and they are not very ornamental. So it was suggested that this is not in the way, and it can be accompanied by some ornamental lotus flowers.
    On the other hand, with the requisition and development of the lotus pond in Shuangdu, Shen Xingxiang has been looking for suitable ponds in order to preserve the seeds. In recent years, he has transplanted "Chi Baihe" to Nanxun Hefu, Qianjin, etc. The land, the planting is not bad, the lotus root of Shen Xingqiang is still more expensive than the market price. But he was anxious, if he didn't plant, Chi Baihe would be extinct.
    Although the snow lotus root is white, when it is dug out and brought to the vegetable market to sell, it is also covered with rust.
    "Vendors in the market often use citric acid to bleach to make the lotus root look white." Shen Xingxiang reminded people not to go into the pit.
    There are many ways to eat lotus root. In recent years, "eat lotus root" has become "ugly", because eating lotus root is ugly, it's really not worth it for lotus root. There is a famous cold dish in the south of the Yangtze River, sweet-scented sweet-scented lotus root with osmanthus. The time-honored "Zhengmaozhai" in Nanxun, Huzhou has been doing it all the time: take the middle section of lotus root, the lotus root with seven or nine holes is just right to fill glutinous rice, don't fill it, eight Just divide. Cover the lotus root lid and seal with a toothpick to prevent the glutinous rice from spilling out when the lotus root is cooked. As for the caramel color on the sugar lotus root, it is fried with brown sugar. To be more careful, lotus root will also be cooked with red dates and wolfberry. Zheng Maozhai's master told us that the whole process takes at least six hours. At present, there are 7 or 8 stores in Huzhou city, 22 yuan a catty of sugar lotus can sell more than 200 catties a day, and it is almost sold by dinner time. Although the summer heat is hot, in the air-conditioned room, eating sugar lotus root and drinking beer, combined with the old and quaint dining environment, is still very comfortable. The so-called bitter summer is sweet.
    If Zhengmaozhai concentrates on the product of sugar lotus root, then Liyang Lishiwei is more active. Before the arrival of Xiaoshu, several lotus root dishes have been designed and launched.
    The Lishiwei River that Liyang No. 1 passes through is vertical and horizontal, surrounded by water on all sides, and the people of the village have chosen the water to live since ancient times. Different from the previous "water for water", what really made Lishiwei famous is the 60-acre lotus pond. Zhong Chunming, a doctor of economics from Fudan University, returned to his hometown and called himself the village head. In addition to building tree houses, he also made several village sketches in various places in Liyang, including Meijie Lishi Pastoral—renovated from a village office building. The village restaurant I came here faces the lotus pond and specializes in the development of lotus-themed dishes.
    Appreciate the lotus first, then the lotus. You can eat lotus root before and after Xiaoshu. The lotus root in Lishiwei belongs to the "white flower lotus root". This lotus root has a smooth skin, white color, "slender and tall shape" and has nine lotus eyes. It contains more water and juice than safflower lotus root, and has less starch content than twist lotus root, so it is more suitable for raw consumption. When the summer heat is steaming, this white lotus root is very suitable for squeezing a cup of fresh lotus root juice, especially for those who often work with their mouths, such as teachers and singers.
    Lishiwei has developed a lot of lotus root vegetables that are suitable for Xiaoshu season. The cold lotus root is an appetizer. Boil the lotus root for five minutes and remove it. Add minced garlic, sesame, millet pepper, light soy sauce, vinegar and other seasonings, stir well, and finally add coriander and sesame oil. Lion's head is a well-known Huaiyang dish, and in this ready-made place where lotus root can be caught, the chopped lotus root is mixed into the meat filling, which makes the originally greasy lion's head taste more refreshing.
    Lotus fragrant flower carved earth rooster, wrap the chicken with lotus leaves, pour Huadiao wine on the lotus leaves for cooking, the lotus fragrance is strong, and does not destroy the original flavor of the chicken.
    Many treasures can be extracted from lotus, not only lotus root, lotus root joint, lotus leaf, lotus whisker, lotus seed, but also lotus leaf tea and lotus root powder.
    Lotus leaf tea is very friendly to the diamond-shaped body with small head, small feet and big belly. The basic principle is to defecate and diuretic. The popular word is "to expel toxins". The weight loss tea on the market generally contains lotus leaf as an ingredient.
    In our childhood memory, making lotus root starch is a technical task. We must first beat the head with cold water, and then rinse with hot water, so that the lotus root starch is semi-solidified and crystal clear. Now instant lotus root starch has been invented, which is made into granulated lotus root starch, which can be eaten as soon as it is soaked in water.
    But these are not worth the summer childhood feeling brought by the shower head. When I was a child, the elderly in the family would definitely bring back a few shower heads when they bought vegetables. We didn’t know that this section was the lotus part of the entire lotus flower. Fresh lotus seeds are sweet and delicious.
    Xiaoshu is the beginning of summer vacation, and summer vacation condenses the time of youth. Like the shower head, there are still fireflies to watch in the summer nights of childhood.
    When it comes to the small heat, the hot wind is on the pavement. Compared with the daytime, people prefer to be active at night. So are fireflies. It's just that this kind of chasing fireflies at night can only remain in memory.
    Fu Xinhua released a "2016 China Firefly Live Trade Investigation Report" in the early years. The report shows that due to urban development, light pollution, pesticide abuse and firefly trade, fireflies have almost disappeared in cities, and 95% of urban children have never seen "fireflies". ".
    "Village Chief" Zhong Chunming found a lot of fireflies when he built Nanshan Garden and tree house. In order to keep these little creatures, the village chief asked the resort not to fertilize, use pesticides, or use herbicides to create a living environment for fireflies. . Under the careful protection of everyone, there are more and more fireflies, and their activities range from woods, ponds, to tea gardens. Every year before and after the small summer heat, tens of thousands of wild fireflies dance in the mountains, and walking through the forest is like being in the Milky Way.
    Why use Xiaoshu as a node? He explained that fireflies, like Zhihao, pupate in the mud. Only when it rains and the soil is moist can they burrow into the mud to pupate, otherwise they will not be able to burrow, or the number will be relatively small. Because of this, in Huangmeitian, the number of fireflies will increase. In Changzhou, Jiangsu, the yellow plum sky starts at the end of June, which basically coincides with the small summer solar term, which is the best time to see fireflies.
    Fireflies are afraid of light. When they arrived at the resort, people found that there were no street lights in the ecological area, and they all depended on paying attention to the fluorite laid under their feet. Xiaoshu is the beginning of childhood and youth, and it also means that it is really necessary to start summer.
    Talking about summer vacation every year, here I would like to share the exquisite summer vacation of Hangzhou people in the Southern Song Dynasty, which happens to be the small summer season. This passage from "Wulin Old Stories" has long been the inspiration for hotels and restaurants:
    "On the 6th of June, Xianyingguan Cuifujun's birthday, the temple food has been full since the Eastern Capital. She is a woman from the Japanese capital, who has gathered incense sticks, and has already boarded a boat to cruise the lake for a summer trip. Things are new in time. Litchi and Junting Li Erguo are produced in Fujian, Yangmei in Xiangli of Fenghua, Xiulianxin Lotus in Jujingyuan, honeydrum melon, loquat with pepper core, Ziling, Bizhi, Ringo, golden peach, Changyuan plum in honey, Papaya beans, water lychee paste, kumquats, water balls, hemp drink mustard, white mash cold water, ice and snow refreshing things. Close the sachet, painted fan, saliva, pearl pendant. And jasmine is the most prosperous, when it first came out , the price is very high, women wear it in clusters, as many as seven plugs, and dozens of coupons are straight, but it is only for entertainment. In summer, the cruise ship does not return to Lihu Lake, which accounts for most of the deep and dense willows. On the ground, drape the lapel to fish for water, and return it at the beginning of the month. Or if there is a good thing, open a big boat, set up a mat with a high pillow to keep cool, and take a quick bath, just take what is comfortable. Or stay in the middle of the lake and return in the evening.”
    "Xiaoshu makes a sound of thunder, and turns it upside down to become Huangmei". This year, the plum blossoms in Zhejiang are surprisingly early. The plum season is 16 days, 14 days less than usual. I hope Xiaoshu can survive this day.
    (The pictures of fireflies in this article are provided by Meijie Firefly Ecological Night Park)


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